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Commander Taylor, William E.G.

Before the United States entered the war, Commander William E. G. Taylor, and American Naval Reserve officer and fighter pilot, spent two yeas in Britain, first on attachment to the Royal Navy and second with the Royal Air Force. During this time he became fully conversant with radar. When, in the autumn of 1941, the army acquired five radar sets for use in Hawaii, they also requested a specialist adviser to help set up an early warning radar system for Pearl Harbor. Taylor was assigned to the task. In spite of his best efforts, the systems of communication between those controlling fighter aircraft and fighters themselves remained inadequate, and the handling of information in what was meant to be mutual cooperation between army and navy was woeful. Taylor convened a meeting on 24 November to deal with the latter problem. The most notable failure was that no agreement was reached on an aircraft identification system so radar operators had no way of differentiating between friendly and hostile aircraft. The information center ar Fort Shafter was left under-manned. General Short (Short, Walter C.)'s restrictions on using the equipment also made training very slow, as well as limiting observation time to a mere three hours. On 7 December, sometime between 0700 and 0730, when Private Joseph Lockard (Lockard, Joseph) telephoned Fort Shafter with the news that he had a 'blip' on his radar indicating the approach of aircraft from the north. the information center was shut because the men were at breakfast.

See also: Hawaii; Lockard, Joseph; Pearl Harbor; radar; Tyler, Kermit