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President Roosevelt, Franklin D.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born in 1882 and had been president for nine years before America was thrust into war by the attack on Pearl Harbor. He was fully aware of the popular resistance of Americans to becoming involved in the war in Europe, but equally alive to the perils of allowing Britain and her allies to lose it and the Nazi-Soviet alliance to succeed. His victory in the 1940 election allowed Roosevelt to get the Lend-Lease Act through Congress and thus to send aid to whom he pleased. In October 1940 he was approached direct by Admiral James O. Richardson (Richardson, James O.), who protested against stationing the Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbor. Roosevelt met Winston Churchill, the British Prime Minister, in Argentina Bay, Newfoundland, in August 1941 to agree common war aims in what was known as the Atlantic Charter. On 7 December 1941 the news of the Japanese attack reached him before the Japanese Ambassador Kichisaburo Nomura (Nomura, Kichisaburo) arrived for his meeting with the Secretary of State and the President passed the news to Cordell Hull (Hull, Cordell) before the ambassador himself knew it. When Governor Joseph Poindexter (Poindexter, Joseph) asked for approval of martial law in Hawaii, Roosevelt gave it. The President addressed Congress on 8 December in a moving speech, voicing the determination of the American people to fight to victory and branding 7 December as "a date which will live in infamy." Roosevelt died on12 April 1945.

See also: Hull, Cordell; Lend-Lease Act; Nomura, Kichisaburo; Pacific Fleet; Pearl Harbor; Richardson, James O.

You can find out more about President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the following Osprey book:

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