Konoye, Prince Fumimaro
Prince Fumimaro Konoye was born in 1891 was a seeker of a peaceful resolution of Japan's difficulties and became Prime Minister in July 1940. He was unable to retain this office in the face of growing pro-war pressure and was replaced by his Minister of War, General Hideki Tojo (Tojo, Hideki), on 17 October 1941. After Tojo's resignation in July 1944 Konoye advocated ending the war and led a delegation to the Soviet Union, but Foreign Minister Molotov would not receive him. After the war he served as Vice-President, but, in 1945, was threatened with prosecution as a war criminal and took poison to avoid trial.