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The capital city of Hawaii, Honolulu, is on the southern shore of Oahu, south east of Pearl Harbor. It was not a target of the Japanese attack on 7 December 1941, but was inevitably a target of opportunity. Explosives were being unloaded and Charles Harkins had to take extraordinary measures to assure security. Damage was also done by falling American anti-aircraft ordnance. The Honolulu Gas Company's storage tanks caught fire and that blaze, with others, reduced the support the Honolulu Fire Department could give military units at Pearl Harbor. The civil power was, in a way, better prepared for attack than the military. Mindful of the London Blitz in Britain, they established the Major Disaster Council in June 1941. The Council inspired organizations such as the Red Cross and the Hawaii Medical Association to be prepared for crisis. Civilian casualties were treated at Queen's Hospital.

See also: Harkins, Charles; Hawaii; Oahu; Pearl Harbor; Solace; Tripler General Hospital