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Japanese warriors traditionally marked the start of a challenging undertaking by binding a white cloth band - a hachimaki - around the head. Those worn by the airmen flying from the Japanese carriers on 7 December 1941 for the attack on Pearl Harbor carried the symbol of the Rising Sun and the inscription "Sure Victory". Commander Mitsuo Fuchida (Fuchida, Mitsuo) before taking off from the carrier Akagi, was given an additional hachimaki by the maintenance crewmen which he wore to represent their contribution to the enterprise.

See also: Akagi; Fuchida, Mitsuo; Pearl Harbor

You can find out more about Hachimaki in the following Osprey book:

CAMPAIGN 62 Pearl Harbor 1941; AIRCRAFT OF THE ACES 22 Japanese Navy Aces 1937-45